Adapting the Ohmeda UPAC draw-over vaporizer for use in the modern operating room.


Until recently, the use of draw-over anesthesia (DA) for elective cases has been prohibited in American military hospitals. The reasons cited for this have included the possibility of increased patient risk and the delivery of a second level of care. In this article, the authors outline a method of employing DA so as to bring its use up to the safety level… (More)