Spodoptera exigua Se301 cells have been successfully adapted to two different commercial serum-free media (SFM; Ex-Cell 420 and Serum-Free Insect Medium-1) by gradually reducing the 10 %-added serum-containing medium content from 100 % to 0 % (v/v) in suspended cultures. Both direct adaptation to a serum-free medium and cell growth in the absence of protective additives against fluid dynamic stress [polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyvinyl alcohol] and disaggregation [dextran sulfate] proved impossible. Cells grew reproducibly in both SFMs once the serum had been completely removed, although the use of Ex-Cell 420 resulted in higher growth rates and cell densities. Turbulence was sufficiently high to reduce growth rates and final cell densities at the highest Reynolds number investigated, although no clear influence of agitation was observed on virus productivity. Both attached and suspended Se301 cell cultures were successfully infected with the SeMNPV baculovirus. Cells adapted to different conditions (attached or suspended culture, serum-containing or serum-free medium) showed different occlusion bodies productivities at the two multiplicities of infection assayed (0.1 and 0.5).