Adaptation , Genetic Drift , Pleiotropy , and History in the Evolution of Bee Foraging Behavior

The formal study of foraging behavior began in the mid 1960s, using an approach that later became known as optimal foraging theory (Emlen, 1966; MacArthur and Pianka, 1966). Practitioners would use modeling to identify an optimal strategy for an animal facing a given number of foraging options, and then compare this to the strategy actually chosen by the… (More)