Adaptation, niche conservatism, and convergence: comparative studies of leaf evolution in the California chaparral.

@article{Ackerly2004AdaptationNC,
  title={Adaptation, niche conservatism, and convergence: comparative studies of leaf evolution in the California chaparral.},
  author={David D. Ackerly},
  journal={The American naturalist},
  year={2004},
  volume={163 5},
  pages={654-71}
}
Small leaves and low specific leaf area (SLA) have long been viewed as adaptations to Mediterranean-type climates in many species of evergreen woody plants. However, paleobotanical and floristic evidence suggests that in many cases these traits originated prior to the advent of the summer-drought climate regime. In this study, molecular phylogenies and ancestral state reconstructions were used to test the hypothesis of adaptive leaf evolution in 12 lineages of evergreen shrubs in the California… CONTINUE READING
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