Acute varicella zoster encephalitis without evidence of primary vasculopathy in a case-series of 20 patients.

@article{Broucker2012AcuteVZ,
  title={Acute varicella zoster encephalitis without evidence of primary vasculopathy in a case-series of 20 patients.},
  author={Thomas de Broucker and Alexandra Mailles and St{\'e}phane Chabrier and Patrice Morand and Jean Paul Stahl},
  journal={Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases},
  year={2012},
  volume={18 8},
  pages={808-19}
}
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a leading cause of acute viral encephalitis but little is known about its clinical, biological and imaging features. Furthermore, the most favourable treatment regimen has not been determined. We studied a prospective cohort of 20 HIV-negative patients presenting with acute VZV encephalitis caused by primary infection or reactivation. VZV was identified in 16 of 20 cases by PCR detection of the DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid. The four remaining cases occurred… CONTINUE READING