• Chemistry, Medicine
  • Published in
    Environmental toxicology and…
    2014
  • DOI:10.1002/etc.2465

Acute toxicity of the cationic surfactant C12-benzalkonium in different bioassays: how test design affects bioavailability and effect concentrations.

@article{Chen2014AcuteTO,
  title={Acute toxicity of the cationic surfactant C12-benzalkonium in different bioassays: how test design affects bioavailability and effect concentrations.},
  author={Yi Chen and Marc Geurts and Sascha B. Sjollema and Nynke I. Kramer and Joop L. M. Hermens and Steven T J Droge},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  year={2014},
  volume={33 3},
  pages={
          606-15
        }
}
Using an ion-exchange-based solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method, the freely dissolved concentrations of C12-benzalkonium were measured in different toxicity assays, including 1) immobilization of Daphnia magna in the presence or absence of dissolved humic acid; 2) mortality of Lumbriculus variegatus in the presence or absence of a suspension of Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) sediment; 3) photosystem II inhibition of green algae Chlorella vulgaris; and 4… CONTINUE READING

Citations

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Uptake and phytotoxic effect of benzalkonium chlorides in Lepidium sativum and Lactuca sativa.

  • Journal of environmental management
  • 2018
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Sorption and leaching of benzalkonium chlorides in agricultural soils.

  • Journal of environmental management
  • 2017
VIEW 2 EXCERPTS
CITES BACKGROUND
HIGHLY INFLUENCED