Acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, and chlorine to glochidia and juveniles of freshwater mussels (Unionidae).

@article{Wang2007AcuteTO,
  title={Acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, and chlorine to glochidia and juveniles of freshwater mussels (Unionidae).},
  author={Ning Wang and Christopher G. Ingersoll and Douglas K Hardesty and Christopher D Ivey and James L Kunz and Thomas W. May and F. James Dwyer and Andy D Roberts and Tom Augspurger and Cynthia J M Kane and Richard Neves and Meghan C Barnhart},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  year={2007},
  volume={26 10},
  pages={2036-47}
}
The objective of the present study was to determine acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, or chlorine to larval (glochidia) and juvenile mussels using the recently published American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard guide for conducting laboratory toxicity tests with freshwater mussels. Toxicity tests were conducted with glochidia (24- to 48-h exposures) and juveniles (96-h exposures) of up to 11 mussel species in reconstituted ASTM hard water using copper, ammonia, or chlorine as… CONTINUE READING