Acute renal failure: an important complication of cardiac surgery in infants.


Acute renal failure occurred in association with cardiac surgery in 20 of 248 infants (8%). Hypotension, poor tissue perfusion, and hypoglycemia were the most important factors recognized in the pathogenesis and outcome of the ARF. However, many infants were extremely ill preoperatively. The most frequent operative procedures performed in the 20 patients… (More)


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