Acute hemodynamic effects of beta-blockers in patients with severe congestive heart failure: comparison of celiprolol and esmolol.


The present study was designed to investigate, in patients with severe heart failure, the dose-dependent acute hemodynamic effects of celiprolol versus those of esmolol. Celiprolol is a beta 1 -receptor blocker with vasodilating properties, whereas esmolol is an ultra-short-acting beta 1 -blocker. Included were 14 patients with decompensated chronic heart… (More)


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