Acute delivery of EphA4-Fc improves functional recovery after contusive spinal cord injury in rats.

Abstract

Blocking the action of inhibitory molecules at sites of central nervous system injury has been proposed as a strategy to promote axonal regeneration and functional recovery. We have previously shown that genetic deletion or competitive antagonism of EphA4 receptor activity promotes axonal regeneration and functional recovery in a mouse model of lateral hemisection spinal cord injury. Here we have assessed the effect of blocking EphA4 activation using the competitive antagonist EphA4-Fc in a rat model of thoracic contusive spinal cord injury. Using a ledged tapered balance beam and open-field testing, we observed significant improvements in recovery of locomotor function after EphA4-Fc treatment. Consistent with functional improvement, using high-resolution ex vivo magnetic resonance imaging at 16.4T, we found that rats treated with EphA4-Fc had a significantly increased cross-sectional area of the dorsal funiculus caudal to the injury epicenter compared with controls. Our findings indicate that EphA4-Fc promotes functional recovery following contusive spinal cord injury and provides further support for the therapeutic benefit of treatment with the competitive antagonist in acute cases of spinal cord injury.

DOI: 10.1089/neu.2012.2729

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@article{Spanevello2013AcuteDO, title={Acute delivery of EphA4-Fc improves functional recovery after contusive spinal cord injury in rats.}, author={Mark Damien Spanevello and Sophie Ines Tajouri and Cornel S. G. Mirciov and Nyoman D. Kurniawan and Martin John Pearse and Louis Jerry Fabri and Catherine Mary Owczarek and Matthew Philip Hardy and Rebecca Anne Bradford and Melanie Louise Ramunno and Ann M Turnley and Marc J. Ruitenberg and Andrew W. Boyd and Perry F. Bartlett}, journal={Journal of neurotrauma}, year={2013}, volume={30 12}, pages={1023-34} }