Acute cytotoxicity and apoptotic effects after l-Pam exposure in different cocultures of the proximal and distal respiratory system.

Abstract

Sulphur and nitrogen mustard are strong alkylating agents which can cause after inhalation acute lung injury in the larynx, trachea and large bronchi and can lead to alveolar edema. In our study we tested the N-Lost l-Phenylalanine Mustard (l-Pam). Therefore we seeded the alveolar type II cell line NCI H441 on the upper membrane of a Transwell filter plate and the endothelial cell line ISO-Has-1 on the lower side of the membrane for the alveolar model and combined the human bronchial explant-outgrowth cells and fibroblasts in the bronchial model and exposed both models with various concentrations of l-Pam. Treatment with l-Pam led to a concentration-dependent decrease of the transepithelial electrical resistance and therefore impairment of barrier function in both models. Changes in morphology could be observed. In the bronchial model damaged cell organelles whereas in the alveolar model a widening of intercellular spaces could be seen. Loss of cell-matrix adhesion as well as apoptotic and necrotic cell death could be demonstrated. In conclusion, treatment with the nitrogen mustard in the coculture models showed comparable results to sulphur mustard treatment and thus this model could be useful to explore similarities and differences in signal transduction pathways after treatment with both sulphur and nitrogen mustard.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2009.12.007

Cite this paper

@article{Pohl2010AcuteCA, title={Acute cytotoxicity and apoptotic effects after l-Pam exposure in different cocultures of the proximal and distal respiratory system.}, author={Christine Pohl and Helene Hofmann and Michaela Moisch and Mirko Papritz and Maria Iris Hermanns and Jasmin Dei-Anang and Eckhard Mayer and Kai Kehe and C James Kirkpatrick}, journal={Journal of biotechnology}, year={2010}, volume={148 1}, pages={31-7} }