Acute bacterial conjunctivitis

@article{Hvding2008AcuteBC,
  title={Acute bacterial conjunctivitis},
  author={Gunnar H{\o}vding},
  journal={Acta Ophthalmologica},
  year={2008},
  volume={86}
}
Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the eye disease most commonly seen by general practitioners, and is estimated to represent approximately 1% of all consultations in primary care. This article gives a review of the epidemiology, aetiology, clinical picture, complications, differential diagnoses, in vitro examinations and therapy of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Until now, topical antibacterial therapy has generally been preferred by both physicians and patients because this will usually… Expand
Acute bacterial conjunctivitis – benefits versus risks with antibiotic treatment
TLDR
A restrictive use of antibiotic eye drops should be employed in cases presenting with minimal or moderate signs and symptoms because only marginal treatment effects are achieved, and a limited effect of the previously reported placebo-controlled trials was confirmed, and the clinical benefit must be judged to be modest. Expand
Non Chlamydial Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis in Sudanese Children
TLDR
Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is a common infection in children, muco purulent discharge points to bacterial cause in acute infective conjunctivaitis, Staphylococcus aureus is aCommon pathogen and it is sensitive to Gentamycin. Expand
Diagnosis of conjunctivitis in primary care: comparison of two different culture procedures
TLDR
The Stuart medium detected more bacteria than direct inoculation in patients with symptoms suggestive of infectious conjunctivitis, indicating that it is unlikely that the Stuart medium misses any positive cultures compared with direct inoculations. Expand
Conjunctivitis: Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Therapy
TLDR
Although antibiotic treatment can diminish risk of adverse events and shorten the course of disease, drug resistance, toxicity, and expense are important considerations in management of acute infectious conjunctivitis. Expand
Acute conjunctivitis: truth and misconceptions
TLDR
The advent and the implementation of better diagnostic tools and anti-viral medications will help clinicians to improve their diagnostic accuracy, improve management and treatment decisions, and ultimately benefit patients while saving overall healthcare costs. Expand
Bacteriological Study of Conjunctivitis
Introduction: Clinical evaluation and microbiological analysis is valuable for specific treatment. This study was undertaken to study the pattern of presentation and determine the bacterial profileExpand
Conjunctivitis: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Effective management of conjunctivitis includes timely diagnosis, appropriate differentiation of the various etiologies, and appropriate treatment. Expand
Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Conjunctivitis : A Managed Care Perspective
TLDR
The main objective of this paper is to describe the epidemiology and economic burden of conjunctivitis, focusing on the subset of the population with private commercial health insurance, and the main sources of data are a comprehensive review of the literature and descriptive analyses of a large database of U.S.commercial health insurance medical care claims. Expand
Conjunctivitis: a systematic review of diagnosis and treatment.
TLDR
The majority of cases in bacterial conjunctivitis are self-limiting and no treatment is necessary in uncomplicated cases, however, conjunctivoitis caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia and conjunctvitis in contact lens wearers should be treated with antibiotics. Expand
Stix test for bacterial conjunctivitis
  • M. Norn
  • Medicine
  • Acta ophthalmologica
  • 2008
TLDR
The simple leucocyte–esterase stix test, published for practitioners, contact lens optometrists and ophthalmologists, has not been used much until now and could be of value in some cases. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 157 REFERENCES
[Acute bacterial conjunctivitis].
  • G. Høvding
  • Medicine
  • Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke
  • 2004
TLDR
The condition has an excellent prognosis with a high frequency of spontaneous remission, however, topical antibacterial therapy should always be instituted, because this will shorten the course of the disease and reduce the risk of epidemic outbreaks. Expand
Diagnostic impact of signs and symptoms in acute infectious conjunctivitis: systematic literature search
In acute infectious conjunctivitis the general practitioner has to distinguish a bacterial cause from a viral one to select the patients who are most likely to benefit from antibiotic treatment. TheExpand
[Bacterial conjunctivitis: most prevalent pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity].
TLDR
Ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol and rifampin were active in the most prevalent pathogens and S. pneumoniae showed the greatest level of resistance to antibiotics used in eye drops and ophthalmic ointments. Expand
Etiology of acute conjunctivitis in children.
TLDR
There were variations in the clinical features of viral and bacterial conjunctivitis, differentiation in an individual patient was difficult, and Adenovirus conjunctvitis was common in the fall and H. influenzae in winter. Expand
Chloramphenicol treatment for acute infective conjunctivitis in children in primary care: a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial
TLDR
Most children presenting with acute infective conjunctivitis in primary care will get better by themselves and do not need treatment with an antibiotic, according to the evidence. Expand
The treatment of acute infectious conjunctivitis with fusidic acid: a randomised controlled trial.
TLDR
At 7 days, cure rates in the fusidic acid gel and placebo group were similar, but the confidence interval was too wide to clearly demonstrate their equivalence, and these findings do not support the current prescription practices of fusIDic acid by GPs. Expand
Clinical and Bacterial Characteristics of Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis in Children in the Antibiotic Resistance Era
TLDR
The findings should alert physicians on the choice of appropriate antibiotic treatment, on the frequent copresence of acute otitis media and on the potential role of conjunctivitis in the spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Expand
Epidemiology and diagnosis of acute conjunctivitis at an inner-city hospital.
TLDR
The authors recommend limiting the initial laboratory workup of patients with acute conjunctivitis to obtaining conjunctival smears for Gram and Giemsa staining, and chlamydial direct immunofluorescent monoclonal antibody (DFA) should be done if the patient is sexually active. Expand
Treatment of Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis With Topical Netilmicin
TLDR
It is demonstrated that netilmicin is a safe and effective antibiotic that can be used as first-line therapy for the treatment of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Expand
The bacterial etiology of conjunctivitis in early infancy. Eye Prophylaxis Study Group.
TLDR
The findings concerning the species of bacteria most often associated with conjunctivitis, as well as the finding that method of delivery is unimportant, suggest that bacteria were transmitted to the infants' eyes after birth and not from the birth canal. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...