Corpus ID: 14023876

Acute and chronic swine rete arteriovenous malformation models: effect of ethiodol and glacial acetic acid on penetration, dispersion, and injection force of N-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate.

@article{Lieber2005AcuteAC,
  title={Acute and chronic swine rete arteriovenous malformation models: effect of ethiodol and glacial acetic acid on penetration, dispersion, and injection force of N-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate.},
  author={Baruch B. Lieber and Ajay K. Wakhloo and R Siekmann and Matthew J. Gounis},
  journal={AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology},
  year={2005},
  volume={26 7},
  pages={
          1707-14
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Liquid embolic agents are increasingly gaining importance in the embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Currently, the most commonly used agent is N-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA). Various NBCA mixtures, arterial hypotension, and Valsalva maneuver (increased positive end-expiratory pressure) during the injection of the acrylate have been used to address hemodynamic and architectural variations of an AVM; however, the precise in vivo polymerization… Expand
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Predictable control of the embolization process with N-BCA in vivo is attained by varying the amount of GAA in the embolic mixture. Expand
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It is concluded that n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), a tissue adhesive approved for surgical use in some countries, has clinical and biologic behaviors similar to IBCA, and therefore should be an acceptable alternative to I BCA for intravascular use. Expand
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