Acute alcohol impairs human goal-directed action.

@article{Hogarth2012AcuteAI,
  title={Acute alcohol impairs human goal-directed action.},
  author={Lee Hogarth and Angela S Attwood and Helen A Bate and Marcus R Munaf{\`o}},
  journal={Biological psychology},
  year={2012},
  volume={90 2},
  pages={154-60}
}
There are two forms of motivated behaviour. Goal-directed action is mediated by knowledge of the consequences whereas habitual action is elicited directly by stimuli associated with the action. Alcohol may impair goal-directed control, favouring habit. To evaluate this proposal, participants were administered with 0.4 g/kg of alcohol or placebo before acquiring separate instrumental responses for chocolate and water points. Chocolate was then fed to satiety to devalue this outcome before choice… CONTINUE READING
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