Acute Threat to the Social Self: Shame, Social Self-esteem, and Cortisol Activity

@article{Gruenewald2004AcuteTT,
  title={Acute Threat to the Social Self: Shame, Social Self-esteem, and Cortisol Activity},
  author={T. Gruenewald and M. Kemeny and N. Aziz and J. Fahey},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={66},
  pages={915-924}
}
  • T. Gruenewald, M. Kemeny, +1 author J. Fahey
  • Published 2004
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychosomatic Medicine
  • Objective: Our Social Self Preservation Theory asserts that situations which threaten the “social self” (ie, one’s social value or standing) elicit increased feelings of low social worth (eg, shame), decrements in social self-esteem, and increases in cortisol, a hormone released by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. To test our theoretical premise, cognitive, emotional, and physiological responses to the performance of laboratory stressor tasks were compared in participants who performed… CONTINUE READING
    337 Citations
    Self-focus and social evaluative threat increase salivary cortisol responses to acute stress in men
    • 18
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    When the social self is threatened: shame, physiology, and health.
    • 541
    • PDF
    Subjective social status moderates cortisol responses to social threat
    • 98
    The effects of threatened social evaluation of the physique on cortisol activity
    • 21
    • Highly Influenced
    The psychobiology of trait shame in young women: extending the social self preservation theory.
    • 60
    • PDF
    A General Enhancement of Autonomic and Cortisol Responses During Social Evaluative Threat
    • 134
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Role of shame and body esteem in cortisol stress responses
    • 12
    • Highly Influenced
    Physiological and emotional responses to subjective social evaluative threat in daily life
    • 8
    • Highly Influenced
    Negative social evaluation, but not mere social presence, elicits cortisol responses to a laboratory stressor task.
    • 175

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
    When the social self is threatened: shame, physiology, and health.
    • 541
    • PDF
    Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stress
    • 658
    • PDF
    Cortisol response to embarrassment and shame.
    • 115
    The 'Trier Social Stress Test'--a tool for investigating psychobiological stress responses in a laboratory setting.
    • 4,230
    Psychological Stress and Neuroendocrine Function in Humans: The Last Two Decades of Research
    • 333
    Acute stressors and cortisol responses: a theoretical integration and synthesis of laboratory research.
    • 4,289
    • PDF
    The evolution of social attractiveness and its role in shame, humiliation, guilt and therapy.
    • P. Gilbert
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • The British journal of medical psychology
    • 1997
    • 406