Acute Symptoms after a Community Hydrogen Fluoride Spill

  title={Acute Symptoms after a Community Hydrogen Fluoride Spill},
  author={Joo-Yong Na and Kuck-Hyun Woo and Seong-yong Yoon and Seong-yong Cho and In-Ung Song and Joo-An Kim and Jinseok Kim},
  journal={Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  pages={17 - 17}
ObjectivesThis study was conducted to describe the demographic characteristics, and clinical signs and symptoms of patients who visited a general hospital because of the release of chemically hazardous hydrogen fluoride that occurred on September 27, 2012 in Gumi City, Korea.MethodsThe medical records at 1 general hospital 9 km from the accident site were reviewed using a standardized survey format. There were 1,890 non-hospitalized and 12 hospitalized patients exposed to hydrogen fluoride… 

Acute health effects of accidental chlorine gas exposure

The 2 patients hospitalized after exposure to chlorine gas at the leakage site showed a clinical course corresponding to RADS, and all of the 209 non-hospitalized patients only complained of symptoms of the upper airways and mucous membrane irritation.

Lessons learned from reviewing a hospital’s disaster response to the hydrofluoric acid leak in Gumi city in 2012

The hospital’s disaster response was insufficient for all aspects of the 4Ss and detailed guidance concerning a hospital disaster management plan is required.

What A Disaster! The Hydrofluoric Acid Leak in Gumi City in 2012: Lessons What We Have Earned From Review of the Past Hospital’s Disaster Response

Hospital disaster response was insufficient for all aspects of 4Ss, and detailed guidance for hospital disaster management plan establishment is required.

Psychological effects of a disastrous hydrogen fluoride spillage on the local community

The present study found that the impact of event level and anxiety level increased with increasing hydrogen fluoride exposure, and anxiety levels persisted even after time passed.

Combined acute inhalation of hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid: a case report and literature review

A nonlethal, delayed onset case of combined acute inhalation of hydrofluoric acid (HFA) and nitric acid (NA) together with a review of the literature is described and massive pulmonary secretions seem a sign of very severe intoxication and treatment appears to be mainly supportive.

Application of calcium nebulization for mass exposure to an accidental hydrofluoric acid spill.

Public health risk management case concerning the city of Isfahan according to a hypothetical release of HF from a chemical plant

The impact of the probable hypothetical event, releasing considerable amounts of hydrogen fluoride (HF) as a strong irritant into the atmosphere over the city of Isfahan from a strategic chemical plant, was simulated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

Chemical pneumonitis by prolonged hydrogen fluoride inhalation



Acute health effects in a community after a release of hydrofluoric acid.

Results of this analysis suggest that (a) initial health problems should be followed up, (b) any long-term health effects of HF exposure must be assessed, and (c) the health impact on the population at risk should be determined.


Exposure to HF induced immediate nasal inflammatory and antioxidant responses in healthy human volunteers and may contribute to a further understanding of the way HF exerts damage to the airways and show that HF could represent an occupational hazard.

Fatal unintentional occupational poisonings by hydrofluoric acid in the U.S.

The limited information in the records suggest that some victims did not receive appropriate medical care, nor was the regional poison center contacted regarding care, and the full extent of health problems related to HF could be better quantified if usual surveillance sources, such as vital records, included unique coding for this acid.

Hazardous chemicals: psychological dimensions of the health sequelae of a community exposure in Texas.

Measures of psychological status should be included in symptom studies of health sequelae to man-made disasters so that the physical effects of exposure can be more accurately assessed.

Recurrent life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias associated with acute hydrofluoric acid ingestion: Observations in one case and implications for mechanism of toxicity

Ventricular dysrhythmias due to HF toxicity seem to be independent of either hypocalcemia or hyperkalemia, and systemic toxicity after ingestions may be delayed and precipitous.

7 cases of hydrofluoric acid burn in which calcium gluconate was effective for relief of severe pain

It is concluded that physicians should provide calcium gluconate jelly and subcutaneous injections to treat an HF burn and should not hesitate to remove the involved nails.

Systemic and topical effects of intradermal hydrofluoric acid.

Toxicological profile for fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine

This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile and provides information helpful for fast answers to often-asked questions about toxic substances.

Occupational medicine in Oklahoma: hydrofluoric acid dangers.

  • J. Himes
  • Medicine
    The Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
  • 1989
A brief case of community-wide exposure to the powerful oxidant, hydrofluoric acid is reported, and physicians should be aware of potential environmental impacts of occupational hazards.