Acute Radiation Syndrome: Assessment and Management

  title={Acute Radiation Syndrome: Assessment and Management},
  author={Elizabeth H Donnelly and Jeffrey B. Nemhauser and James M. Smith and Ziad Kazzi and Eduardo B. Farf{\'a}n and Arthur S. Chang and Syed F. Naeem},
  journal={Southern Medical Journal},
Primary care physicians may be unprepared to diagnose and treat rare, yet potentially fatal, illnesses such as acute radiation syndrome (ARS). ARS, also known as radiation sickness, is caused by exposure to a high dose of penetrating, ionizing radiation over a short period of time. The time to onset of ARS is dependent on the dose received, but even at the lowest doses capable of causing illness, this will occur within a matter of hours to days. This article describes the clinical… 
Medical management of the acute radiation syndrome.
  • Mario López, M. Martín
  • Medicine
    Reports of practical oncology and radiotherapy : journal of Greatpoland Cancer Center in Poznan and Polish Society of Radiation Oncology
  • 2011
Acute radiation syndrome and chronic radiation syndrome.
In cases of ARS, a large part of the exposed population after proper medical care may survive, while without medical care this part ofThe population will be lost, so prophylaxis may also save another part ofthe exposed population.
Radiation Injury and Emergency Medicine
Observations are provided that demonstrate the importance of understanding guidelines to minimize radioactive exposure and the expectations and treatment management following exposure.
Acute Radiation Syndrome in an Irradiated Minipig Model for Patients with Radiation Exposure
As the syndrome develops very rapidly—within several hours from radiation exposure—prompt and accurate diagnosis and treatment are needed, as well as further research into appropriate diagnostic and treatment modalities.
Acute Radiation Syndrome at Crossroads of Protection and Therapy
Systematic screening approach is recommended to identify potential new drugs for mitigation of radiation injury, envisage the use of radiomimetic, immune-modulatory and anti-inflammatory agents.
Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for acute radiation syndrome
  • R. Fukumoto
  • Medicine, Biology
    Military Medical Research
  • 2016
This editorial highlights the current knowledge regarding the use of mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of acute radiation syndrome, the benefits and limitations of which are under investigation.
Essentials in Accident and Emergency Medicine Radiation Injury: Response and Treatment
The strengths of modern radiation therapy and the need for continuous process improvements to ensure optimal patient care and secure safe environments are identified.
An adequate evaluation of radiation incidents, determining the absorbed dose of ionising radiation and ARS, as well as initial triage seem to be crucial skills of the EMS workers.
Therapy for prevention and treatment of skin ionizing radiation damage: a review
There is no sufficient evidence for establishing a standard treatment to prevent or mitigate radiation-induced cutaneous injury, so continued research is necessary to achieve effective therapies to address this important health problem.


Medical Management of the Acute Radiation Syndrome: Recommendations of the Strategic National Stockpile Radiation Working Group
This consensus document was created to help physicians who may be involved in evaluation, triage, or medical management of victims with acute radiation injury and to address issues of medical management and stockpiling of pharmaceutical agents in case of a significant radiologic event.
Medical Management of Radiological Casualties Handbook. First Edition
Abstract : The purpose of this handbook is to provide concise supplemental reading material for the Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation Course, which is the only course in the Department of Defense
Medical Management of the Acute Radiation Syndrome: Recommendations of the Strategic National Stockpile Radiation Working Group
Recommendations to help health care professionals respond appropriately in the event of an attack involving radiation exposure are developed to help patients and doctors respond appropriately after an event involving radioactive materials.
Early dose assessment following severe radiation accidents.
A simple dose-prediction algorithm based on lymphocyte kinetics as documented in prior radiation accidents is presented here, which provides an estimate of dose within the first 8 h following an acute whole-body exposure.
Radiobiology for the Radiologist
  • J. Hendry
  • Medicine
    British Journal of Cancer
  • 1979
This text is a general introduction to radiation biology and a complete, self-contained course especially for residents in diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine that follows the Syllabus in Radiation Biology of the RSNA.
Medical Management of Radiation Accidents
Come with us to read a new book that is coming recently. Yeah, this is a new coming book that many people really want to read will you be one of them? Of course, you should be. It will not make you
2002 Guidelines for the Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Neutropenic Patients with Cancer
Target Population: Internists, pediatricians, and family physicians who treat cancer patientsSponsoring Organization: Infectious Diseases Society of
Textbook of Military Medicine. Part 1. Warfare, Weaponry, and the Casualty. Volume 2. Medical Consequences of Nuclear Warfare
Abstract : The first line of medical defense in wartime is the combat medic. Although in ancient times medics carried the caduceus into battle to signify the neutral, humanitarian nature of their
Effect of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on hematopoiesis of normal dogs and on hematopoietic recovery after otherwise lethal total body irradiation.
Rh G-CSF, if administered shortly after irradiation, can reverse the otherwise lethal myelosuppressive effect of radiation exposure.
Chapter 3: Organ Specific Manifestations of the Acute Radiation Syndrome in Medical Management of Radiation Accidents: Manual on the Acute Radiation Syndrome
  • British Institute of Radiology,
  • 2001