Acute Gastroenteritis on Cruise Ships - United States, 2008-2014.

  title={Acute Gastroenteritis on Cruise Ships - United States, 2008-2014.},
  author={Amy L. Freeland and George H. Vaughan and Shailendra N Banerjee},
  journal={MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report},
  volume={65 1},
From 1990 to 2004, the reported rates of diarrheal disease (three or more loose stools or a greater than normal frequency in a 24-hour period) on cruise ships decreased 2.4%, from 29.2 cases per 100,000 travel days to 28.5 cases (1,2). Increased rates of acute gastroenteritis illness (diarrhea or vomiting that is associated with loose stools, bloody stools, abdominal cramps, headache, muscle aches, or fever) occurred in years that novel strains of norovirus, the most common etiologic agent in… CONTINUE READING
Related Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 75 times. VIEW TWEETS


Publications citing this paper.


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-9 of 9 references

UPDATE: reports of worker fatalities during manual tank gauging and sampling in the oil and gas extraction industry

B King, E Esswein, K Retzer
NIOSH Science Blog. Washington DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health • 2015
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Light hydrocarbon gases: a narcotic, asphyxiant, or flammable hazard

I. Drummond
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1993;8:120–5 • 1993
View 14 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Cardiac arrhythmias and aerosol "sniffing".

Archives of environmental health • 1971
View 15 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Hydrocarbon exposures during tank gauging and sampling operations [presentation

T. Jordan
NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda Oil and Gas Sector Council Meeting, March • 2015
View 3 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Ventricular fibrillation induced by hydrocarbons and epinephrine.

The Journal of industrial hygiene and toxicology • 1946
View 1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…