Acute Cannabis Toxicity.

  title={Acute Cannabis Toxicity.},
  author={Kei Wong and Carl R. Baum},
  journal={Pediatric Emergency Care},
The change in legal status of cannabis (the botanical species Cannabis sativa, commonly known as marijuana) in the United States has had significant impact on pediatric drug exposures. In states with decriminalization of recreational and medicinal use of cannabis, emergency department visits and poison control center calls for unintentional pediatric cannabis intoxication are on the rise in the last few decades. Exploratory or unintentional ingestions of cannabis-containing products (as opposed… Expand
7 Citations
Herbal Preparations of Medical Cannabis: A Vademecum for Prescribing Doctors
A practical and helpful guide for prescribing doctors is provided, including suggested posology, titration strategies and cannabinoid amounts in herbal preparations obtained from different sources of medical cannabis. Expand
Cannabis Product Ingestions in Pediatric Patients: Ranges of Exposure, Effects, and Outcomes.
There was a low incidence of need for respiratory support in the population, but hospital admission was more common, and severe symptoms, need, and hospital admission were more frequent in younger children, and larger studies are needed to explore the relationship between THC dosage, age, and incidence of adverse outcomes. Expand
Risk Management in First Aid for Acute Drug Intoxication
The emergency department is very important to manage intoxicated patients; however, the hospitalization of these patients is often not necessary, and, when hospitalization is needed, semi-intensive therapy is a feasible solution. Expand
The emergency department care of the cannabis and synthetic cannabinoid patient: a narrative review
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New Designer Drugs.
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Recent Trends in Marijuana-Related Hospital Encounters in Young Children.
The observed dramatic increase in marijuana-related hospital encounters highlights the need for prevention strategies aimed at reducing unintentional marijuana exposures in young children, even in states without legislation permitting marijuana use. Expand


Cannabinoid toxicity in pediatrics
Clinicians should provide guidance for pediatric patients and their caregivers to reduce the risk of accidental cannabis exposure, particularly with high concentration products, and consider chronic cannabis exposure when evaluating certain complaints, such as chronic vomiting or educational performance at school. Expand
A 21st Century Problem: Cannabis Toxicity in a 13-Month-Old Child.
The case of a 13-month-old female presenting with self-limiting altered mental status and lethargy is reported, with a subsequent diagnosis of tetrahydrocannabinol exposure on confirmatory urine gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Expand
Pharmacology and effects of cannabis: A brief review
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  • Medicine
  • British Journal of Psychiatry
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Cannabinoids derived from herbal cannabis interact with endogenous cannabinoid systems in the body and cause dose-related impairments of psychomotor performance with implications for car and train driving, aeroplane piloting and academic performance. Expand
Cannabis, cannabinoids, and health
The objective of this article is to summarize current developments concerning cannabis and the spread of synthetic cannabinoid (SC) use, and to further explore the benefit-risk profile of medical cannabis use. Expand
Cannabis Intoxication Case Series: The Dangers of Edibles Containing Tetrahydrocannabinol
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Cannabis poisoning in children
Paediatric intensivists must be aware of the various symptoms caused by cannabis ingestion in children and prompt urine screening for the presence of cannabinoids, combined with rapid reporting of results, may avoid unnecessary additional investigations, such as brain imaging and lumbar puncture. Expand
Prenatal cannabis exposure - The "first hit" to the endocannabinoid system.
It is argued that young women who become pregnant should immediately take a "pregnant pause" from using marijuana, as perturbations of the intrauterine milieu via the introduction of exogenous CBs alter the fetal ECSS, predisposing the offspring to abnormalities in cognition and altered emotionality. Expand
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A case where a 32 year old male has excessive nausea and vomiting after prolonged use of daily cannabis is described, which shows that further studying of cannabis and its effects are still needed. Expand
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This is a retrospective case series of marijuana exposures that have presented to the emergency department (ED) in children less than 6 years of age in Colorado. Expand
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The current state of research regarding edibles is explored, highlighting the promises and challenges that edibles present to both users and policy makers, and the approaches that four states in which recreational cannabis use is legal have taken regarding regulating edibles are described. Expand