Actively personalized vaccination trial for newly diagnosed glioblastoma

@article{Hilf2018ActivelyPV,
  title={Actively personalized vaccination trial for newly diagnosed glioblastoma},
  author={Norbert Hilf and Sabrina Kuttruff-Coqui and Katrin Frenzel and Valesca Bukur and Stefan Stevanovi{\'c} and C{\'e}cile Gouttefangeas and Michael Platt{\'e}n and Ghazaleh Tabatabai and Val{\'e}rie Dutoit and Sjoerd H. van der Burg and Per thor Straten and Francisco Mart{\'i}nez-Ricarte and Berta Ponsati and Hideho Okada and Ulrik N. Lassen and A. Admon and Christian Hermann Ottensmeier and Alexander Ulges and Sebastian Kreiter and Andreas von Deimling and Marco Skardelly and Denis Migliorini and Judith R. Kroep and Manja Idorn and Jordi Rod{\'o}n and Jordi Pir{\'o} and Hans Skovgaard Poulsen and Bracha Shraibman and Katy J McCann and Regina Mendrzyk and Martin L{\"o}wer and Monika Stieglbauer and Cedrik M. Britten and David Capper and Marij J. P. Welters and Juan Sahuquillo and Katharina Kiesel and Evelyna Derhovanessian and Elisa Rusch and Lukas Bunse and Colette Song and Sandra Heesch and Claudia Wagner and Alexandra Kemmer-Br{\"u}ck and Jorg Ludwig and John C. Castle and Oliver Schoor and Arbel D. Tadmor and Edward W. Green and Jens Fritsche and Miriam Meyer and Nina N. Pawlowski and Sonja Dorner and Franziska Hoffgaard and Bernhard R{\"o}ssler and Dominik Maurer and Toni Weinschenk and Carsten Reinhardt and Christoph Huber and Hans-Georg Rammensee and Harpreet Singh‐Jasuja and Uğur Şahin and Pierre-Yves Dietrich and Wolfgang Wick},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2018},
  volume={565},
  pages={240-245}
}
Patients with glioblastoma currently do not sufficiently benefit from recent breakthroughs in cancer treatment that use checkpoint inhibitors1,2. For treatments using checkpoint inhibitors to be successful, a high mutational load and responses to neoepitopes are thought to be essential3. There is limited intratumoural infiltration of immune cells4 in glioblastoma and these tumours contain only 30–50 non-synonymous mutations5. Exploitation of the full repertoire of tumour antigens—that is, both… 

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