Active fixation pacemaker lead perforating cardiac wall.


We present the case of a 90-year-old male patient transferred from another hospital with a diagnosis of pacemaker dysfunction. A permanent pacemaker had been placed one month previously for complete atrioventricular block. At a scheduled checkup with his cardiologist, he reported that he had started experiencing exertional dyspnea and pleuritic pain a few… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.repc.2014.01.021

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