Active and passive euthanasia.

@article{Rachels1975ActiveAP,
  title={Active and passive euthanasia.},
  author={James A. Rachels},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  year={1975},
  volume={292 2},
  pages={
          78-80
        }
}
  • J. Rachels
  • Published 9 January 1975
  • Philosophy
  • The New England journal of medicine
The traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia requires critical analysis. The conventional doctrine is that there is such an important moral difference between the two that, although the latter is sometimes permissible, the former is always forbidden. This doctrine may be challenged for several reasons. First of all, active euthanasia is in many cases more humane than passive euthanasia, Secondly, the conventional doctrine leads to decisions concerning life and death on… 

Moral Permissibility of Active Euthanasia

The objective of this dissertation is to examine the moral arguments commonly presented in the current debate on active and passive euthanasia in the United States. I claim the belief that there is a

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A new definition of active and passive euthanasia is suggested by discussing and refining the theory developed by Dieter Birnbacher in his “Tun und Unterlassen”.

Active and Passive Euthanasia

It is argued that mercy killing should be regarded as analogous to positive rather than negative cases, and that active rather than passive euthanasia is supported.

The notion of “killing”. Causality, intention, and motivation in active and passive euthanasia

  • T. Fuchs
  • Philosophy
    Medicine, health care, and philosophy
  • 1998
The meanings of the notion of killing are distinguished on the levels of causality, intention, and motivation to allow a thorough analysis and refutation of arguments for the equality of killing and letting die which are often put forward in the euthanasia debate.

Euthanasia and physicians' moral duties.

  • G. Seay
  • Medicine, Philosophy
    The Journal of medicine and philosophy
  • 2005
It is not clear how such a duty could ever actually be unconditional, if due consideration is given to the moral weight of countervailing duties equally fundamental to medicine.

Autonomy, Interests, Justice and Active Medical Euthanasia

There are 4 main arguments for euthanasia: (1) arguments appealing to consistency (e.g., from passive to active euthanasia); (2) the argument from respect for autonomy; (3) appeals to justice; (4)

What passive euthanasia is

The argument here is that Rachels’s arguments are flawed, and the authors have good reasons to think that intention is important in understanding the moral nature of actions, and should reject any understanding of passive euthanasia that does not pay attention to intent.

Physician-Assisted Suicide and Active Euthanasia

The conclusion is reached that there is no good reason, all things considered, for holding that PAS is morally superior to PPE and that in order to safeguard against abuses, legalization of voluntary euthanasia must be accompanied by mandatory prior committee review.

The Nonnecessity of Euthanasia

Among the arguments against legalizing voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, there is one yet to be scrutinized in the literature that claims that pain is manageable in “virtually all” or, at least, “most” patients with terminal illness.

The Case for Legalized Euthanasia

This paper examines two recent statements against euthanasia and recommends guidelines for a public policy framework to minimize abuses in social experiments with beneficent voluntary euthanasia that are approved by referenda or state legislatures.
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