Active Denial: Redesigning Japan's Response to China's Military Challenge

  title={Active Denial: Redesigning Japan's Response to China's Military Challenge},
  author={Eric Heginbotham and Richard J. Samuels},
  journal={International Security},
Abstract The growth of Chinese military power poses significant challenges to Japan. China's military spending, which was half that of Japan's in 1996, is now three and a half times as large. Japan has taken a range of measures to buttress its military forces and loosen the restrictions on their operations, but much remains to be done. Most important, Tokyo needs to reexamine its strategy to maximize Japan's deterrent leverage. Of the three general approaches to conventional deterrence… 
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