Active-Constructive-Interactive: A Conceptual Framework for Differentiating Learning Activities

  title={Active-Constructive-Interactive: A Conceptual Framework for Differentiating Learning Activities},
  author={Michelene T. H. Chi},
  journal={Topics in cognitive science},
  volume={1 1},
  • M. Chi
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology
  • Topics in cognitive science
Active, constructive, and interactive are terms that are commonly used in the cognitive and learning sciences. They describe activities that can be undertaken by learners. However, the literature is actually not explicit about how these terms can be defined; whether they are distinct; and whether they refer to overt manifestations, learning processes, or learning outcomes. Thus, a framework is provided here that offers a way to differentiate active, constructive, and interactive in terms of… 

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