Activation of upper airway muscles during breathing and swallowing.

  title={Activation of upper airway muscles during breathing and swallowing.},
  author={Ralph F Fregosi and Christy L. Ludlow},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  volume={116 3},
The upper airway is a complex muscular tube that is used by the respiratory and digestive systems. The upper airway is invested with several small and anatomically peculiar muscles. The muscle fiber orientations and their nervous innervation are both extremely complex, and how the activity of the muscles is initiated and adjusted during complex behaviors is poorly understood. The bulk of the evidence suggests that the entire assembly of tongue and laryngeal muscles operate together but… CONTINUE READING
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