Activation of the innate immune response by endogenous retroviruses.

  title={Activation of the innate immune response by endogenous retroviruses.},
  author={Tara Hurst and Gkikas Magiorkinis},
  journal={The Journal of general virology},
  volume={96 Pt 6},
The human genome comprises 8 % endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), the majority of which are defective due to deleterious mutations. Nonetheless, transcripts of ERVs are found in most tissues, and these transcripts could either be reverse transcribed to generate ssDNA or expressed to generate proteins. Thus, the expression of ERVs could produce nucleic acids or proteins with viral signatures, much like the pathogen-associated molecular patterns of exogenous viruses, which would enable them to be… 

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