Activation of the beta-globin promoter by the locus control region correlates with binding of a novel factor to the CAAT box in murine erythroleukemia cells but not in K562 cells.

Abstract

Four distinct factors in extracts from murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells interacted with the human beta-globin gene promoter CAAT box: CP1, GATA-1, and two novel factors, denoted a and b, one of which is highly inducible in the MEL system. GATA-1 binding to the CAAT element was very unstable (half-life < 1 min), whereas bindings of a, b, and CP1 were comparatively stable, with half-lives of 18, 19, and 3.5 min, respectively. Stable transfections of MEL cells showed that in the presence of the beta-globin locus control region (LCR), the wild-type CAAT box, a mutant which bound to GATA-1 with increased stability over the normal sequences, and a mutant which bound a, b, and CP1 specifically could all stimulate transcription greater than ninefold over that induced by a null CAAT mutation in both uninduced and terminally differentiated MEL cells. A mutant which bound the a and b factors specifically gave only a twofold stimulation of promoter activity, and this lower activity correlated with a decrease in the stability of binding of the b protein. On the other hand, CP1 binding alone did not stimulate transcription. Taken together, these results suggest that in the context of the wild-type beta-globin CAAT element the b factor stimulates transcription directed by the LCR in MEL cells, although the LCR can also function through more stable GATA-1-binding sequences. However, in K562 cells, the wild-type beta-globin CAAT box alone was unable to stimulate gene expression directed by the LCR and high levels of transcription were obtained only upon inclusion of more upstream beta-globin promoter sequences. In contrast, a construct containing only the A gamma-globin CAAT box region did give high expression levels in K562 cells. Thus, there is a fundamental difference in the way the LCR functions in these two model systems in terms of its requirements at the promoter level.

Cite this paper

@article{Delvoye1993ActivationOT, title={Activation of the beta-globin promoter by the locus control region correlates with binding of a novel factor to the CAAT box in murine erythroleukemia cells but not in K562 cells.}, author={Nathalie Delvoye and N M Destroismaisons and Leo A. Wall}, journal={Molecular and cellular biology}, year={1993}, volume={13 11}, pages={6969-83} }