Activation of endoplasmic reticulum calcium leak by 2-APB depends on the luminal calcium concentration.

Abstract

It has been shown that 2-APB is a nonspecific modulator of ion channel activity, while most of the channels are inhibited by this compound, there are few examples of channels that are activated by 2-APB. Additionally, it has been shown that, 2-APB leads to a reduction in the luminal endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ level ([Ca2+]ER) and we have carried out simultaneous recordings of both [Ca2+]i and the [Ca2+]ER in HeLa cell suspensions to assess the mechanism involved in this effect. This approach allowed us to determine that 2-APB induces a reduction in the [Ca2+]ER by activating an ER-resident Ca2+ permeable channel more than by inhibiting the activity of SERCA pumps. Interestingly, this effect of 2-APB of reducing the [Ca2+]ER is auto-limited because depends on a replete ER Ca2+ store; a condition that thapsigargin does not require to decrease the [Ca2+]ER. Additionally, our data indicate that the ER Ca2+ permeable channel activated by 2-APB does not seem to participate in the ER Ca2+ leak revealed by inhibiting SERCA pump with thapsigargin. This work suggests that, prolonged incubations with even low concentrations of 2-APB (5μM) would lead to the reduction in the [Ca2+]ER that might explain the inhibitory effect of this compound on those signals that require Ca2+ release from the ER store.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ceca.2017.01.013

Cite this paper

@article{LeonAparicio2017ActivationOE, title={Activation of endoplasmic reticulum calcium leak by 2-APB depends on the luminal calcium concentration.}, author={Daniel Leon-Aparicio and Jesus Chavez-Reyes and Agust{\'i}n Guerrero-Hern{\'a}ndez}, journal={Cell calcium}, year={2017}, volume={65}, pages={80-90} }