Activation of TMSCN by N-heterocyclic carbenes for facile cyanosilylation of carbonyl compounds.

@article{Song2006ActivationOT,
  title={Activation of TMSCN by N-heterocyclic carbenes for facile cyanosilylation of carbonyl compounds.},
  author={Jinhua J. Song and Fabrice Gallou and Jonathan T. Reeves and Zhulin Tan and Nathan Yee and Chris Hugh Senanayake},
  journal={The Journal of organic chemistry},
  year={2006},
  volume={71 3},
  pages={
          1273-6
        }
}
N-Heterocyclic carbenes were found to be highly effective organocatalysts in activating TMSCN for facile cyanosilylation of carbonyl compounds. Cyano transfer from TMSCN to aldehydes and ketones proceeds at room temperature in the presence of only 0.01-0.5 mol % of N-heterocyclic carbene (1), leading to a range of trimethylsilylated cyanohydrins in very good to excellent yields. These conditions are extremely mild and simple and tolerate various functional groups. 

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References

Activation of TMSCN by N-heterocyclic carbenes for facile cyanosilylation of carbonyl compounds.

  • 2006