Activation and metacognition of inaccessible stored information: potential bases for incubation effects in problem solving.

@article{Yaniv1987ActivationAM,
  title={Activation and metacognition of inaccessible stored information: potential bases for incubation effects in problem solving.},
  author={Ilan Yaniv and David E. Meyer},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={1987},
  volume={13 2},
  pages={
          187-205
        }
}
  • I. Yaniv, D. Meyer
  • Published 1 April 1987
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Two experiments were conducted with a hybrid procedure that involved a battery of indirect criterion tests designed to study the activation and metacognition of inaccessible stored information. In each experiment, subjects first attempted to recall some rare target words in response to a series of definitions meant to cue retrieval from long-term semantic memory. For the words that could not be recalled initially, the subjects rated their feelings of knowing. They then performed a lexical… 
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These results support a model in which Ss retrieve topic familiarity information in making accessibility estimates in the rare word definition task and use this information to modulate lexical decision performance.
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Experiment 1 replicated Yaniv and Meyer's (1987) finding that lexical decision and episodic recognition performance was better for words previously yielding high-accessibility levels (a combination
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Assessment of second-task performance and FOK accuracy for unrecalled items as a function of two factors, encoding manipulations and the nature of the second task, indicates that although levels of processing affected explicit second- Task performance more than implicit second- task performance, it increased Fok accuracy in both types of tasks.
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All 4 experiments supported the cue-familiarity hypothesis, because FKJs and TOTs were directly related to the number of presentations (and thereby the familiarity) of the cues, and little support was found for the target-retrievability hypothesis.
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It is found that mood does not affect the likelihood of different metac cognitive judgments associated with the retrieval of semantic information, but that, in some cases, having retrieval cues increases accuracy of these metacognitive judgments.
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A central tenet in theoretical work on metacognition is that retrieval experiences during memory search can exert control over behaviour. States of curiosity, which reflect motivational tendencies to
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Cue familiarity but not target retrievability enhances feeling-of-knowing judgments.
  • B. Schwartz, J. Metcalfe
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1992
TLDR
Two hypotheses concerning people's ability to predict later memory performance for unrecalled items were investigated and the results favor the cue familiarity hypothesis.
Underlying mechanisms of initial feelings of knowing in children.
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The experiment found that initial FOKs were largely driven by familiarity of the cues, which have important implications for strategies children utilize in educational settings.
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