Actions of tramadol, its enantiomers and principal metabolite, O-desmethyltramadol, on serotonin (5-HT) efflux and uptake in the rat dorsal raphe nucleus.

@article{Bamigbade1997ActionsOT,
  title={Actions of tramadol, its enantiomers and principal metabolite, O-desmethyltramadol, on serotonin (5-HT) efflux and uptake in the rat dorsal raphe nucleus.},
  author={T. A. Bamigbade and Colin Davidson and Richard M. Langford and Jonathan A. Stamford},
  journal={British journal of anaesthesia},
  year={1997},
  volume={79 3},
  pages={
          352-6
        }
}
Tramadol is an atypical centrally acting analgesic agent with relatively weak opioid receptor affinity in comparison with its antinociceptive efficacy. Evidence suggests that block of monoamine uptake may contribute to its analgesic actions. Therefore, we have examined the actions of (+/-)-tramadol, (+)-tramadol, (-)-tramadol and O-desmethyltramadol (M1 metabolite) on electrically evoked 5-HT efflux and uptake in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) brain slice, measured by fast cyclic voltammetry… 

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