Action of chronic CC14 on the retinol and dolichol content of rat liver parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells.

Abstract

We studied dolichol, on account of its role in membrane fluidity and fusion, and retinol, on account of its behaviour in liver fibrosis, in isolated parenchymal and sinusoidal rat liver cells after CCl4 treatment for 3, 5 and 7 weeks. Retinol uptake was also investigated by administering a load of retinol three days before sacrifice. In hepatocytes, dolichol decreased and seemed to be the preferred target of lipid peroxidation by CCl4; indeed, retinol increased especially after vitamin A load. Two subfractions of hepatic stellate cells were obtained: in the subfraction called Ito-1, dolichol decreased, while the supplemented retinol was no longer stored; in the subfraction called Ito-2, the values were intermediate. In Kupffer and endothelial cells dolichol was higher after three weeks, in agreement with fibrogenesis. Retinol increased after retinol load, in Kupffer and endothelial cells, in agreement with their scavenger function. The different behaviour of dolichol content in parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells suggests that dolichol may have different functions in liver cells. Since it has been ascertained that, in liver fibrosis, stellate cells gradually lose retinol, the inability of HCs to send retinol to Ito-1 subfraction or the inability of Ito-1 subfraction to take up and store vitamin A might induce or contribute to the transformation of these cells into a different phenotype. This behaviour is discussed regarding the role of cellular and retinol binding proteins in intracellular retinol content. Moreover a role of dolichol in membrane fluidity and retinol traffic is hypothesised.

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@article{Nanni2000ActionOC, title={Action of chronic CC14 on the retinol and dolichol content of rat liver parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells.}, author={Giorgio Nanni and Federica Majorani and Giuseppe Maloberti and Claudio Canepa and Anna Rita Casu}, journal={Life sciences}, year={2000}, volume={67 19}, pages={2293-304} }