Action embellishment: an intention bias in the perception of success.

@article{Preston2011ActionEA,
  title={Action embellishment: an intention bias in the perception of success.},
  author={Jesse Lee Preston and Ryan S. Ritter and Daniel M. Wegner},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2011},
  volume={101 2},
  pages={233-44}
}
Naïve theories of behavior hold that actions are caused by an agent's intentions, and the subsequent success of an action is measured by the satisfaction of those intentions. However, when an action is not as successful as intended, the expected causal link between intention and action may distort perception of the action itself. Four studies found evidence of an intention bias in perceptions of action. Actors perceived actions to be more successful when given a prior choice (e.g., choose… CONTINUE READING

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