Action’s Effect on Perception

@article{Witt2011ActionsEO,
  title={Action’s Effect on Perception},
  author={J. Witt},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={201 - 206}
}
  • J. Witt
  • Published 2011
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
According to the action-specific perception account, people perceive the environment in terms of their ability to act in it. For example, softball players who are hitting better see the ball as bigger. Factors that affect ability and thus influence perception include body size, body control and coordination, energetic potential, and the challenges of the task. Acknowledging the influence of ability on perception challenges the traditional view that perception provides an objective, behaviorally… Expand

Figures from this paper

Action-specific perception of speed is independent of attention
TLDR
Though perceived fish speed was influenced by participants’ catching performance—replicating previous results—attentional allocation did not impact this relationship and the present results suggest that action directly influences spatial perception, rather than exerting indirect effects via attentional processes. Expand
A Role for Control in an Action-Specific Effect on Perception
  • J. Witt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2017
TLDR
This work reports the first reported instance of a partial action-specific effect, and is consistent with an integration-based mechanism, that information about action is integrated with visual information about the target. Expand
Action-specific effects in a social context: others' abilities influence perceived speed.
TLDR
The results showed that both judged the ball to be moving faster when it was harder to block, and the same effect of difficulty on speed estimates was not found when observers watched a computer play, suggesting the effect is specific to people and not to the task. Expand
Action-specific effects in perception and their potential applications
Abstract Spatial perception is biased by action. Hills appear steeper and distances appear farther to individuals who would have to exert more effort to traverse the space. Objects appear closer,Expand
Performance and Ease Influence Perceived Speed
TLDR
It is suggested that performance and task ease influence perceived speed, and participants judged virtual balls to be moving slower when they played with a bigger paddle in a modified version of Pong. Expand
The uphill battle for action-specific perception
TLDR
The present study found the distance-on-hill effect in virtual reality using a visual matching task and found that the effect went away, as predicted by a perceptual explanation, when participants had to match the distance between two cones that were both on hills. Expand
Catching ease influences perceived speed: Evidence for action-specific effects from action-based measures
TLDR
Converging evidence is provided from both explicit and action-based measures that a perceiver’s ability to act influences a common underlying process, most likely perceived speed, rather than postperceptual processes such as response formation. Expand
Is There a Chastity Belt on Perception?
TLDR
It was found that even for people naive to the experiment's hypothesis, the ability to block a moving ball affected the ball’s perceived speed, and when participants were explicitly told the hypothesis and instructed to resist the influence of their ability to blocked the ball, their ability still affected their perception of the ball's speed. Expand
Task Construal Influences Estimations of the Environment
TLDR
Four experiments attempted to identify conditions under which anticipated effort may systematically change perceptual estimates and suggested that the measured effects on the estimation of distance were due to how participants construed the task rather than being of a perceptual nature. Expand
Embodied perception in sport
Embodied perception theory proposes that rather than being solely determined by the physical properties of the world, our perception of the objects in our environment is scaled by our ability toExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Action-specific influences on distance perception: a role for motor simulation.
  • J. Witt, D. Proffitt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2008
TLDR
Four experiments are presented that implicate motor simulation as a mediator of perception effects and the perceiver's ability to perform the action, as determined by the outcome of the simulation, influences perceived distance. Expand
Performance and Ease Influence Perceived Speed
TLDR
It is suggested that performance and task ease influence perceived speed, and participants judged virtual balls to be moving slower when they played with a bigger paddle in a modified version of Pong. Expand
Action goals influence action-specific perception
TLDR
It is suggested that action-specific influences on perception are contingent upon the primary action goals to be achieved and not for objects that are related to intermediate action goals. Expand
Embodied Perception and the Economy of Action
  • D. Proffitt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2006
Perception informs people about the opportunities for action and their associated costs. To this end, explicit awareness of spatial layout varies not only with relevant optical and ocular-motorExpand
Perceiving Distance: A Role of Effort and Intent
TLDR
Perceiving egocentric distance is shown that, as the effort associated with walking increases, perceived distance increases if the perceiver intends to walk the extent, but not if the perception intends to throw. Expand
When and how are spatial perceptions scaled?
TLDR
The results supported the action-specific account, which proposes that the angular information inherent in optic flow and ocular-motor adjustments is rescued and transformed into units related to intended actions. Expand
Embodiment, ego-space, and action
R.L. Klatzky, M. Behrmann, B. MacWhinney, Editor's Preface. J.M. Loomis, J.W. Philbeck, Measuring Spatial Perception with Spatial Updating and Action. G. Knoblich, Bodily and Motor Contributions toExpand
Putting to a bigger hole: Golf performance relates to perceived size
TLDR
The effects of performance on size perception in golfers are demonstrated and demonstrate that perception is influenced by the perceiver’s current ability to act effectively in the environment. Expand
Tool use influences perceived shape and perceived parallelism, which serve as indirect measures of perceived distance.
  • J. Witt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2011
TLDR
Convergence across multiple types of judgments is demonstrated, a finding that undermines alternative, judgment-based accounts and suggests that the ability to reach an object changes the perceived distance to the object. Expand
Big People, Little World: The Body Influences Size Perception
TLDR
It is found that arm positions that were larger than the shoulder width made apertures appear smaller, suggesting that dimensions of the body play a role in the scaling of environmental parameters in extrapersonal space. Expand
...
1
2
3
...