Action, Emotion, and Personality: Emerging Conceptual Integration

@article{Carver2000ActionEA,
  title={Action, Emotion, and Personality: Emerging Conceptual Integration},
  author={Charles S Carver and Steven K. Sutton and Michael F Scheier},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2000},
  volume={26},
  pages={741 - 751}
}
Several literatures converge on the idea that approach and positive affect related to goal pursuit are managed by one self-regulatory system and that avoidance (or withdrawal) and negative affect related to threats are managed by a second self-regulatory system. After briefly reviewing these literatures, the authors consider the relation of these themes to the broader domain of personality. In particular, they map individual differences in the responsivity of the approach system onto the… 
Approach, Avoidance, and the Self-Regulation of Affect and Action
Several literatures converge on the idea that approach and avoidance/withdrawal behaviors are managed by two partially distinct self-regulatory system. The functions of these systems also appear to
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The hypothesis that approach and avoidance temperaments represent the foundation of several basic dimensions espoused in the trait adjective, affective disposition, and motivational system approaches to personality is examined.
Approach-avoidance motivation in personality: approach and avoidance temperaments and goals.
The present research examined the role of approach and avoidance motivation in models of personality. Specifically, it examined the hypothesis that approach and avoidance temperaments represent the
Impulse and Constraint: Perspectives From Personality Psychology, Convergence With Theory in Other Areas, and Potential for Integration
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This article begins by reviewing processes underlying this dimension from the perspectives of several personality theories, including whether the issue of impulse versus constraint applies to avoidance as well as to approach.
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It is found that introverts who were skilled at categorizing events as threatening experienced more negative affect in their daily lives and high levels of Extraversion are capable of inhibiting such affective consequences.
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Responsibility perseveration interacted with neuroticism in predicting negative emotion, dissatisfaction with life, and displays of negative emotion and neuroticism-outcome relations were quite a bit stronger at high levels of perseveration.
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