Acting out ideas: Performative citizenship in the Black Consciousness Movement

  title={Acting out ideas: Performative citizenship in the Black Consciousness Movement},
  author={Marcus Morgan and Patrick Baert},
  journal={American Journal of Cultural Sociology},
This paper introduces the concept of ‘performative citizenship’ to account for the manner in which the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM), and in particular its charismatic leader Steve Biko, transformed a collection of relatively abstract philosophical ideas into concrete political praxis. We outline how the BCM challenged the psychological internalisation of white supremacy and asserted citizenship claims through a variety of performative techniques, many of which explicitly and implicitly… Expand
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