In this paper we present evidence for the presence of actin-related junctions between neighboring Sertoli cells and between Sertoli cells and spermatids in the testis of the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). In the guppy, spermatogenesis occurs in spermatocysts that are lined by a simple squamous to cuboidal epithelium formed of Sertoli cells. At a certain stage of differentiation, elongate spermatids occur in Sertoli cell recesses in the apical surface of Sertoli cells. When evaluated by electron microscopy, junctions occur between Sertoli cells and spermatids situated in the recesses. In these regions, obvious linkages occur between the plasma membrane of Sertoli cell recesses and the adjacent spermatids. Moreover, large concentrations of microfilaments occur in the Sertoli cell cytoplasm immediately underlying the crypts. Also, junctional complexes are apparent between neighboring Sertoli cells near the apical surface of the epithelium. These complexes consist of microfilament-related components (probably contributing to both tight and adhesion junctions), which occur closest to the lumen, and intermediate-filament related desmosomes, which occur more basally. In fixed frozen sections of guppy testis, probes for filamentous actin (rhodamine phalloidin) and myosin II (polyclonal antisera raised against human platelet myosin II) react with function regions between neighboring Sertoli cells and between Sertoli cells and spermatids. We conclude that actin-related junctions occur at both these sites and that the actin networks have contractile properties because they contain myosin II.