Act Consequentialism without Free Rides

  title={Act Consequentialism without Free Rides},
  author={Preston Greene and B. Levinstein},
  journal={Philosophical Perspectives},
Consequentialist theories determine rightness solely based on real or expected consequences. Although such theories are popular, they often have difficulty with generalizing intuitions, which, in their pre-theoretic form, require concern for the question “What if everybody did that?” When generalizing versions of consequentialism have been attempted, as with rule consequentialism, the results are messy. We claim that the conceptual apparatus currently employed in generalizing consequentialism… Expand
1 Citations
The Evidentialist ’ s Wager 1
William MacAskill, Aron Vallinder, Caspar Oesterheld, Carl Shulman, Johannes Treutlein Abstract Suppose that an altruistic agent who is uncertain between evidential and causal decision theory findsExpand


Decision-Theoretic Consequentialism and the Nearest and Dearest Objection
Our lives are given shape, meaning and value by what we hold dear, by those persons and life projects to which we are especially committed. This implies that when we act we must give a special placeExpand
Moral Education and Rule Consequentialism
Rule consequentialism holds that an action's moral standing depends on its relation to the moral code whose general adoption would have the best consequences. Heretofore rule consequentialists haveExpand
Some Counterexamples to Causal Decision Theory
Many philosophers have been converted to causal decision theory by something like the following line of argument: Evidential decision theory endorses irrational courses of action in a range ofExpand
Success-First Decision Theories
The standard formulation of Newcomb's problem compares evidential and causal conceptions of expected utility, with those maximizing evidential expected utility tending to end up far richer. Thus, inExpand
Cheating Death in Damascus
Evidential and Causal Decision Theory are the leading contenders as theories of rational action, but both face fatal counterexamples. We present some new counterexamples, including one in which theExpand
Actual Utility, The Objection from Impracticality, and the Move to Expected Utility
Utilitarians are attracted to the idea that an act is morally right iff it leads to the best outcome. But critics have pointed out that in many cases we cannot determine which of our alternatives inExpand
Binding and its consequences
In “Bayesianism, Infinite Decisions, and Binding”, Arntzenius et al. (Mind 113:251–283, 2004) present cases in which agents who cannot bind themselves are driven by standard decision theory to chooseExpand
Virtue Consequentialism
Virtue consequentialism has been held by many prominent philosophers, but has never been properly formulated. I criticize Julia Driver's formulation of virtue consequentialism and offer anExpand
Utilitarianism and the Virtues
It is remarkable how utilitarianism tends to haunt even those of us who will not believe in it. It is as if we for ever feel that it must be right, although we insist that it is wrong. T.M. ScanlonExpand
Regret and instability in causal decision theory
It is maintained, contrary to Arntzenius, that an agent facing Egan's decisions can rationally choose actions that she knows she will later regret, and CDT gets Egan’s cases exactly right. Expand