Acquisition of cognitive skill.

  title={Acquisition of cognitive skill.},
  author={John R. Anderson},
  journal={Psychological Review},
A framework for skill acquisition is proposed that includes two major stages in the development of a cognitive skill: a declarative stage in which facts about the skill domain are interpreted and a procedural stage in which the domain knowledge is directly embodied in procedures for performing the skill. This general framework has been instantiated in the ACT system in which facts are encoded in a propositional network and procedures are encoded as productions. Knowledge compilation is the… 

Skill Acquisition: Compilation of Weak-Method Problem Solutions.

Cognitive skills are encoded by a set of productions, which are organized according to a hierarchical goal structure, which implies that all variety of skill acquisition, including that typically regarded as inductive, conforms to this characterization.

Skill Acquisition : Compilation of Weak-Method Problem Solutions

Cognitive skills are encoded by a set of productions, which are organized according to a hierarchical goal structure. People solve problems in new domains by applying weak problem-solving procedures

Procedural memory and skill acquisition

This chapter discusses the development, maintenance, and exercise of skilled behavior and the roles of explicit, declarative memory and implicit, procedural memory in the development of skill. The

The nature and transfer of cognitive skills.

The primitive elements theory of cognitive skills is presented, which makes it possible to construct detailed process models of 2 classic transfer studies in the literature and produces better fits of the amount of transfer than Singley and Anderson's (1985) identical productions model.

Running head : The nature and transfer of cognitive skills The Nature and Transfer of Cognitive Skills

This paper presents the Primitive Elements theory of cognitive skills. The central idea is that skills are broken down into primitive information processing elements that move and compare single

Investigations of a Cognitive Skill.

It is concluded that training in basic symbolic skill might be more effective if more attention were given to teaching the structure of information of the domain, including general features of the information presented in problems as well as general constraints and goals of the procedures to be acquired.

Production Compilation: A Simple Mechanism to Model Complex Skill Acquisition

This article describes production compilation, a mechanism for modeling skill acquisition within the ACT-Rational cognitive architecture, and provides an example of this process by developing and describing a model learning a simulated air traffic controller task.



Complex Learning Processes

The small-scale simulations of learning provided as examples are drawn from the domains of language processing and computer programming, since the ultimate goal is for ACT to learn the complex procedures required in such domains.

Accretion, tuning and restructuring: Three modes of learning

This paper proposes three different mechanisms that seem to be responsible for the different phases of the learning of complex topic matters: accretion, restructuring, and tuning.

A Theory of the Acquisition of Cognitive Skills.

The ACT theory of learning is embodied as a computer simulation program that makes predictions about human learning of various cognitive skills such as language fluency, study skills for social science texts, problem-solving skills in mathematics, and computer programming skills.

Knowledge Compilation: Mechanisms for the Automatization of Cognitive Skills.

The development of a skill is traced from the point when it is initially being memorized and applied in a slow and halting fashion to the point where it has become fast and automatic through practice.

Acquisition of Problem-Solving Skill.

This paper presents an analysis of how a student searches for a proof in geometry after he has acquired his basic skills and discusses how practice serves to tune and optimize the skill so that the proof search is performed more successfully.

Perceptual-Motor Skill Learning1

Approaches to Knowledge Acquisition: The Instructable Production System Project

This discussion is the first overview of the work of the Instructable Production System project to date, and indicates its evolutionary development.

Theories of language acquisition

This paper attempts to trace theDevelopment of human vocalization through prelinguistic stages to the development of what can be clearly recognized as language behavior, and then progresses to transitional phases in which the language of the child begins to approximate that of the adult model.

Mechanisms of Skill Acquisition and the Law of Practice

A model of practice rooted in modern cognitive psychology, the chunking theory of learning, is formulated in an investigation of the mechanisms underlying the performance improvement in psychology.