Acquisition, transformation and maintenance of plant pyrrolizidine alkaloids by the polyphagous arctiid Grammia geneura.

@article{Hartmann2005AcquisitionTA,
  title={Acquisition, transformation and maintenance of plant pyrrolizidine alkaloids by the polyphagous arctiid Grammia geneura.},
  author={Thomas Hartmann and Claudine Theuring and Till Beuerle and Elizabeth a. Bernays and Michael S. Singer},
  journal={Insect biochemistry and molecular biology},
  year={2005},
  volume={35 10},
  pages={
          1083-99
        }
}
The polyphagous arctiid Grammia geneura appears well adapted to utilize for its protection plant pyrrolizidine alkaloids of almost all known structural types. Plant-acquired alkaloids that are maintained through all life-stages include various classes of macrocyclic diesters (typically occurring in the Asteraceae tribe Senecioneae and Fabaceae), macrocyclic triesters (Apocynaceae) and open-chain esters of the lycopsamine type (Asteraceae tribe Eupatorieae, Boraginaceae and Apocynaceae). As in… CONTINUE READING
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