Acquired phototrophy in ciliates: a review of cellular interactions and structural adaptations.

  title={Acquired phototrophy in ciliates: a review of cellular interactions and structural adaptations.},
  author={Matthew D. Johnson},
  journal={The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology},
  volume={58 3},
Many ciliates acquire the capacity for photosynthesis through stealing plastids or harboring intact endosymbiotic algae. Both phenomena are a form of mixotrophy and are widespread among ciliates. Mixotrophic ciliates may be abundant in freshwater and marine ecosystems, sometimes making substantial contributions toward community primary productivity. While mixotrophic ciliates utilize phagotrophy to capture algal cells, their endomembrane system has evolved to partially bypass typical… CONTINUE READING


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