Acquired immunodeficiencies and tuberculosis: focus on HIV/AIDS and diabetes mellitus.

@article{Ronacher2015AcquiredIA,
  title={Acquired immunodeficiencies and tuberculosis: focus on HIV/AIDS and diabetes mellitus.},
  author={Katharina Ronacher and Simone A Joosten and Reinout van Crevel and Hazel M Dockrell and Gerhard Walzl and Tom H. M. Ottenhoff},
  journal={Immunological reviews},
  year={2015},
  volume={264 1},
  pages={
          121-37
        }
}
The spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection within Africa led to marked increases in numbers of cases of tuberculosis (TB), and although the epidemic peaked in 2006, there were still 1.8 million new cases in 2013, with 29.2 million prevalent cases. Half of all TB cases in Africa are in those with HIV co-infection. A brief review of the well-documented main immunological mechanisms of HIV-associated increased susceptibility to TB is presented. However, a new threat is facing TB… CONTINUE READING
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