Acquired aphasia in children after surgical resection of left-thalamic tumors.

Abstract

Five children (three males, two females; four right-, one left-handed; age range 6 to 14 years) who developed aphasia after gross-total excision of left predominantly thalamic tumors are reported. Three patients had Broca aphasia, one had mixed transcortical aphasia, and one patient had conduction aphasia. In the months after surgery, three children improved while receiving radiation and/or chemotherapy, although none recovered completely. Two patients with malignant tumors developed worsening aphasia when the tumor recurred, and later died. Two of three patients tested had visuospatial difficulties in addition to language deficits. Attention and executive functioning were affected in three of three patients tested. Memory, verbal and/or visual functioning, were affected in four of four patients tested. Both patients who were tested showed transient right hemineglect. Two of two patients tested were probably apraxic. The wide range of deficits in these children highlights the importance of the thalamus and other subcortical structures in developing cognition.

Cite this paper

@article{Nass2000AcquiredAI, title={Acquired aphasia in children after surgical resection of left-thalamic tumors.}, author={Ruth D Nass and Laura E Boyce and Fayne Leventhal and Bernard Levine and Jared Allen and Charles M. Maxfield and D Salsberg and M Sarno and Arvin K George}, journal={Developmental medicine and child neurology}, year={2000}, volume={42 9}, pages={580-90} }