Acoustics of percussion instruments : An update

  title={Acoustics of percussion instruments : An update},
  author={T. D. Rossing and Junehee Yoo and Andrew Morrison},
  journal={Acoustical Science and Technology},
Methods for studying the modes of vibration and sound radiation from percussion instruments are reviewed. Recent studies on the acoustics of marimbas, cymbals, gongs, tamtams, lithophones, steelpans, and bells are described. Vibrational modes and sound radiation from the HANG, a new steel percussion instrument are presented. 
Understanding the effect of hammering process on the vibration characteristics of cymbals
Cymbals are thin domed plates used as percussion instruments. When cymbals are struck, they vibrate and radiate sound. Cymbals are made through spin forming, hammering, and lathing. The spin forming
Integration of FEA and EMA techniques for percussion instrument design analysis
  • Bor-Tsuen Wang
  • Engineering
    Proceedings 2011 International Conference on System Science and Engineering
  • 2011
Percussion instruments are frequently used in musical performance. The percussion sound radiation characteristics are strongly related to structural vibration modes. This paper presents the approach
A Detailed FEM Study on the Vibro-acoustic Behaviour of Crash and Splash Musical Cymbals
Advanced numerical simulations, that include modal and frequency response function finite element analysis, frequency domain and time domain finite element method – boundary element method analysis,
Acoustic analysis and tuning of cylindrical membranophones
This thesis scientifically investigates the setup and tuning of cylindrical membranophones as musical instruments. To date there has been very little quantitative analysis of drum tuning with respect
Modal analysis using fiber Bragg gratings
Construction of Wooden Musical Instruments
This work aims to provide an overview of why and how wood is used in musical instruments, primarily strings, woodwind and percussion. The introduction is a description of the desirable properties of
Overtone Spectra of Gongs used in Music Therapy
Abstract Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) study of gong sound spectrograms was carried out on four gongs manufactured by Paiste Company, Switzerland. The results show complex spectra, presented in detail
The spectral and temporal description of Javanese Gong Kempul
This study aims to investigate the spectral and temporal properties as well as look into the typical wave-like sound of the Gong Kempul, an ensemble of predominantly struck instruments found across Central Java and has deep philosophical meaning for Javanese.
This work investigates the possibility of using steel hollow pipe with an undercut to make a new type of percussion instrument. From traditional bamboo percussion instruments found in Taiwan or
It's not just about sound: investigating marimba performance as an auditory and visual experience
This paper is concerned with investigating expressive bodily movement in music performance, focussing on the keyboard percussion instrument, the marimba. A theoretical basis for developing a


Acoustics of percussion instruments : Recent progress
Recent research on the acoustics of percussion instruments has focussed on observing their modes of vibration and understanding how they radiate sound. Holographic interferometry, on account of its
Nonlinear vibrations in plates and gongs
The sounds from certain types of gongs show a frequency shift, up or down, as the vibration decays. In order to understand this nonlinear behavior, we have studied the vibrations of a variety of flat
Structural elements which determine the vibration and sound properties of the Korean bell are reviewed. Vibration response characteristics under an impact excitation are investigated by the analysis
Bell clapper impact dynamics and the voicing of a carillon.
The periodic re-voicing of the bell clappers of the Australian National Carillon in Canberra provided an opportunity for the study of the acoustic effects of this operation, and the presence of a flat on the clapper significantly decreases the duration of the impact event.
Phase-stepped television holographic technique for measuring phase and amplitude maps of small vibrations.
The noise reduction that is obtained with the phase-stepping technique reduces the number of interferograms needed by one-half, which can shorten experimental time.
The HANG: A hand played steel drum
The HANG is a new steel instrument consisting of two spherical shells of steel, suitable for playing with the hands. Seven to nine notes are harmonically tuned around a central deep note which is
The design of bells with harmonic overtones.
A series of bells has been designed that contains up to seven partial frequencies in the harmonic series beginning at the fundamental frequency by choosing geometries for finite-element analysis models in which as many purely circumferential bending modes as possible occurred at frequencies below any mode with an axial ring node.
Optimal Design and Physical Modelling of Mallet Percussion Instruments
Summary At the present time, instruments are mostly designed by trial and error procedures, which are inefficient and costly. In the first part of this paper we present an approach, based on
Laboratory observation of elastic waves in solids
Compressional, torsional, and bending waves in bars and plates can be studied with simple apparatus in the laboratory. Although compressional and torsional waves show little or no dispersion, bending