Acoustic transmission losses and field alterations due to human scalp hair

@article{Raymond2005AcousticTL,
  title={Acoustic transmission losses and field alterations due to human scalp hair},
  author={S. B. Raymond and Kullervo Hynynen},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control},
  year={2005},
  volume={52},
  pages={1415-1419}
}
Hair is a potential transmission barrier for diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound. We tested hair phantoms for insertion losses and field effects at 0.27-2.8 MHz. The negligible losses observed below 0.5 MHz suggest that, at such frequencies, hair removal is unnecessary for low-power imaging or therapeutic applications. 
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Ultrasonic measurement techniques and equipment output levels

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  • Essentials of Medical Ultrasound: A Practical…
  • 1982
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