Acoustic invariance in speech production: evidence from measurements of the spectral characteristics of stop consonants.

@article{Blumstein1979AcousticII,
  title={Acoustic invariance in speech production: evidence from measurements of the spectral characteristics of stop consonants.},
  author={Sheila E. Blumstein and Kenneth N. Stevens},
  journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  year={1979},
  volume={66 4},
  pages={
          1001-17
        }
}
  • S. Blumstein, K. Stevens
  • Published 1 October 1979
  • Physics, Linguistics
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
On the basis of theoretical considerations and the results of experiments with synthetic consonant-vowel syllables, it has been hypothesized that the short-time spectrum sampled at the onset of a stop consonant should exhibit gross properties that uniquely specify the consonantal place of articulation independent of the following vowel. The aim of this paper is to test this hypothesis by measuring the spectrum sampled at the onsets and offsets of a large number of consonant-vowel (CV) and vowel… 

Perceptual invariance and onset spectra for stop consonants in different vowel environments.

TLDR
The data show that stimuli as short as 10-20 ms sampled from the onset of a consonant-vowel syllable, can be reliably identified for consonantal place of articulation, whether the second and higher formants contain moving or straight transitions and whether or not an initial burst is present.

Acoustic properties and perception of stop consonant release transients.

TLDR
Spectral analyses showed the isolated transients to have a clearly defined formant structure, which was not seen in natural release bursts, whose spectra were dominated by the frication noise, andceptual experiments showed that listeners can identify both consonants and vowels from isolatedtransients, though not very accurately.

Modeling speech perception in noise : the stop consonants as a case study

This study develops procedures for predicting perceptual confusions of speech sounds in noise by integrating knowledge of the acoustic properties which signal phonetic contrasts of speech sounds with

The characteristics of voicing in syllable-initial fricatives in American English.

TLDR
Results showed that the patterns of voicing in the fricative noise interval were influenced by the voicing characteristics of preceding stop consonants, but phonetic context did not affect the criterial attribute associated with the phonetic category of voicing.

A reconsideration of acoustic invariance for place of articulation in diffuse stop consonants: evidence from a cross-language study.

TLDR
This study explored the claim that invariant acoustic properties corresponding to phonetic features generalize across languages and investigated whether the invariant properties defined by the metric are used by English-speaking listeners in making phonetic decisions for place of articulation.

Burst spectrum as a cue for the stop voicing contrast in American English.

TLDR
Goodness ratings indicated that burst spectrum influences category typicality for voiceless stops even when voice onset time is unambiguous.

Perceptual classification of information in vowel-consonant syllables

TLDR
Data are interpreted as an indication that brief segments of speech contain invariant cues to phonetic identity and that the salience of phonetic classifications increases as the sounds retain more of the information found in speech.

Analysis, synthesis, and perception of Japanese voiceless stop consonants based on a pole-zero model

The production process of voiceless stop consonants was represented by a non-stationary autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) process, and the trajectories of poles and zeros from the noise burst to

Perception of static and dynamic acoustic cues to place of articulation in initial stop consonants.

TLDR
Evidently, the dynamic structure of the initial stop-vowel articulatory gesture can be preserved in context-free acoustic cues which listeners use to identify place of articulation.
...

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Perceptual invariance and onset spectra for stop consonants in different vowel environments.

TLDR
The data show that stimuli as short as 10-20 ms sampled from the onset of a consonant-vowel syllable, can be reliably identified for consonantal place of articulation, whether the second and higher formants contain moving or straight transitions and whether or not an initial burst is present.

Invariant cues for place of articulation in stop consonants.

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TLDR
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