Achieving thermodynamic consistency in a class of free-energy multiphase lattice Boltzmann models.

  title={Achieving thermodynamic consistency in a class of free-energy multiphase lattice Boltzmann models.},
  author={Q. Li and Y Yu and R. Z. Huang},
  journal={Physical review. E},
  volume={103 1-1},
The free-energy lattice Boltzmann (LB) model is one of the major multiphase models in the LB community. The present study is focused on a class of free-energy LB models in which the divergence of thermodynamic pressure tensor or its equivalent form expressed by the chemical potential is incorporated into the LB equation via a forcing term. Although this class of free-energy LB models may be thermodynamically consistent at the continuum level, it suffers from thermodynamic inconsistency at the… 

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