Acetonitrile and N-Chloroacetamide Formation from the Reaction of Acetaldehyde and Monochloramine.

@article{Kimura2015AcetonitrileAN,
  title={Acetonitrile and N-Chloroacetamide Formation from the Reaction of Acetaldehyde and Monochloramine.},
  author={Susana Y Kimura and Trang Nha Vu and Yukako Komaki and Michael J. Plewa and Benito J Mari{\~n}as},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  year={2015},
  volume={49 16},
  pages={9954-63}
}
Nitriles and amides are two classes of nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (DBPs) associated with chloramination that are more cytotoxic and genotoxic than regulated DBPs. Monochloramine reacts with acetaldehyde, a common ozone and free chlorine disinfection byproduct, to form 1-(chloroamino)ethanol. Equilibrium (K1) and forward and reverse rate (k1,k-1) constants for the reaction between initial reactants and 1-(chloroamino)ethanol were determined between 2 and 30 °C. Activation energies for… CONTINUE READING