Accurate Direct Measurements of Far-Field Thermal Infrared Emission and its Dynamics

  title={Accurate Direct Measurements of Far-Field Thermal Infrared Emission and its Dynamics},
  author={Xiumei Liu and Hakan Salihoglu and Xiao Luo and Hyeong Seok Yun and Lin Jing and Bowen Yu and Sheng Shen},
Accurate direct measurements of far-field thermal infrared emission become increasingly important because conventional methods, relying on indirect assessments, such as reflectance/transmittance, are inaccurate or even unfeasible to characterize state-of-art devices with novel spectra, directionalities, and polarizations. The direct collection of the far-field emission from these tiny devices is also challenging because of their shrinking footprints and uncontrollable radiation noises from… 

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