Validity of Intraoral Scans Compared with Plaster Models: An In-Vivo Comparison of Dental Measurements and 3D Surface Analysis
BACKGROUND Little is known about the accuracy of physical dental casts that are based on three-dimensional (3D) data from an intraoral scanner (IOS). Thus, the authors conducted a study to evaluate the accuracy of full-arch stereolithographic (SLA) and milled casts obtained from scans of three IOSs. METHODS The authors digitized a polyurethane model using a laboratory reference scanner and three IOSs. They sent the scans (n = five scans per IOS) to the manufacturers to produce five physical dental casts and scanned the casts with the reference scanner. Using 3D evaluation software, the authors superimposed the data sets and compared them. RESULTS The mean trueness values of Lava Chairside Oral Scanner C.O.S. (3M ESPE, St. Paul, Minn.), CEREC AC with Bluecam (Sirona, Bensheim, Germany) and iTero (Align Technology, San Jose, Calif.) casts were 67.50 micrometers (95 percent confidence interval [CI], 63.43-71.56), 75.80 μm (95 percent CI, 71.74-79.87) and 98.23 μm (95 percent CI, 94.17-102.30), respectively, with a statistically significant difference among all of the scanners (P < .05). The mean precision values were 13.77 μm (95 percent CI, 2.76-24.79), 21.62 μm (95 percent CI, 10.60-32.63) and 48.83 μm (95 percent CI, 37.82-59.85), respectively, with statistically significant differences between CEREC AC with Bluecam and iTero casts, as well as between Lava Chairside Oral Scanner C.O.S. and iTero casts (P < .05). CONCLUSION All of the casts showed an acceptable level of accuracy; however, the SLA-based casts (CEREC AC with Bluecam and Lava Chairside Oral Scanner C.O.S.) seemed to be more accurate than milled casts (iTero). PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS On the basis of the results of this investigation, the authors suggested that SLA technology was superior for the fabrication of dental casts. Nevertheless, all of the investigated casts showed clinically acceptable accuracy. Clinicians should keep in mind that the highest deviations might occur in the distal areas of the casts.